A 10-year follow-up study of yearly indoor radon measurements in homes, review of other studies and implications on lung cancer risk estimates

Sara Antignani*, Gennaro Venoso, Marco Ampollini, Mario Caprio, Carmela Carpentieri, Christian Di Carlo, Barbara Caccia, Nezahat Hunter, Francesco Bochicchio

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Uncertainty on long-term average radon concentration has a large impact on lung cancer risk assessment in epidemiological studies. The uncertainty can be estimated by year-to-year radon concentration variability, however few data are available. In Italy a study has been planned and conducted to evaluate year-to-year radon variability over several years in normally inhabited dwellings, mainly located in Rome. This is the longest study of this kind in Europe; repeat radon measurements are carried out for 10 years using LR-115 radon detectors in the same home in consecutive years. The study includes 84 dwellings with long-term average radon concentration ranging from 28 to 636 Bq/m3. The result shows that year-to-year variability of repeated measurements made in the same home in different years is low, with an overall coefficient of variation of 17%. This is smaller than most of those observed in studies from other European countries and USA, ranging from 15% to 62%. Influencing factors that may explain the differences between this study and other studies have been discussed. Due to the low yearly variability estimated in the present 10-year study, a negligible impact on lung cancer risk estimate for the Italian epidemiological study is expected.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144150
Number of pages12
JournalScience of the Total Environment, The
Volume762
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study has been partially supported by the European Commission (Reg. No. 516484 FI6R , “Alpha Risk” project) and by the Ministry of Health, Italy , in the framework of the Italian National Radon Program.

Keywords

  • Epidemiological studies
  • Indoor radon
  • Lung cancer
  • Risk assessment
  • Year-to-year variability

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