A 30-Min Nucleic Acid Amplification Point-of-Care Test for Genital Chlamydia trachomatis Infection in Women: A Prospective, Multi-center Study of Diagnostic Accuracy

E. M. Harding-Esch, E. C. Cousins, S. L.C. Chow, L. T. Phillips, C. L. Hall, N. Cooper, S. S. Fuller, A. V. Nori, R. Patel, S. Thomas-William, G. Whitlock, S. J.E. Edwards, M. Green, J. Clarkson, B. Arlett, John Dunbar, Catherine Lowndes, S. T. Sadiq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Rapid Point-Of-Care Tests for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) may reduce onward transmission and reproductive sexual health (RSH) sequelae by reducing turnaround times between diagnosis and treatment. The io® single module system (Atlas Genetics Ltd.) runs clinical samples through a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT)-based CT cartridge, delivering results in 30 min. Methods: Prospective diagnostic accuracy study of the io® CT-assay in four UK Genito-Urinary Medicine (GUM)/RSH clinics on additional-to-routine self-collected vulvovaginal swabs. Samples were tested “fresh” within 10 days of collection, or “frozen” at − 80 °C for later testing. Participant characteristics were collected to assess risk factors associated with CT infection. Results: CT prevalence was 7.2% (51/709) overall. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the io® CT assay were, respectively, 96.1% (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 86.5–99.5), 97.7% (95%CI: 96.3–98.7), 76.6% (95%CI: 64.3–86.2) and 99.7% (95%CI: 98.9–100). The only risk factor associated with CT infection was being a sexual contact of an individual with CT. Conclusions: The io® CT-assay is a 30-min, fully automated, high-performing NAAT currently CE-marked for CT diagnosis in women, making it a highly promising diagnostic to enable specific treatment, initiation of partner notification and appropriately intensive health promotion at the point of care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-127
Number of pages8
JournalEBioMedicine
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Diagnostic accuracy
  • Performance evaluation
  • Point-of-care
  • Rapid test
  • Risk factor

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