A cross-reactive human IgA monoclonal antibody blocks SARS-CoV-2 spike-ACE2 interaction

Monir Ejemel, Qi Li, Shurong Hou, Zachary A. Schiller, Julia A. Tree, Aaron Wallace, Alla Amcheslavsky, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Karen R. Buttigieg, Michael J. Elmore, Kerry Godwin, Naomi Coombes, Jacqueline R. Toomey, Ryan Schneider, Anudeep S. Ramchetty, Brianna J. Close, Da Yuan Chen, Hasahn L. Conway, Mohsan Saeed, Chandrashekar GanesaMiles Carroll, Lisa A. Cavacini, Mark S. Klempner, Celia A. Schiffer, Yang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has become a global pandemic requiring the development of interventions for the prevention or treatment to curtail mortality and morbidity. No vaccine to boost mucosal immunity, or as a therapeutic, has yet been developed to SARS-CoV-2. In this study, we discover and characterize a cross-reactive human IgA monoclonal antibody, MAb362. MAb362 binds to both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins and competitively blocks ACE2 receptor binding, by overlapping the ACE2 structural binding epitope. Furthermore, MAb362 IgA neutralizes both pseudotyped SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 in 293 cells expressing ACE2. When converted to secretory IgA, MAb326 also neutralizes authentic SARS-CoV-2 virus while the IgG isotype shows no neutralization. Our results suggest that SARS-CoV-2 specific IgA antibodies, such as MAb362, may provide effective immunity against SARS-CoV-2 by inducing mucosal immunity within the respiratory system, a potentially critical feature of an effective vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4198
JournalNature Communications
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

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