A mathematical model of the indirect effects of rotavirus vaccination

T. Van Effelterre*, M. Soriano-Gabarró, S. Debrus, E. Claire Newbern, James Gray

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rotavirus (RV) infections progressively confer natural immunity against subsequent infection. Similarly to natural infection, vaccination with a live attenuated vaccine potentially reduces RV transmission and induces herd protection. A mathematical transmission model was developed to project the impact of a vaccination programme on the incidence of RV infection and disease for five countries in the European Union. With vaccination coverage rates of 70%, 90% and 95% the model predicted that, in addition to the direct effect of vaccination, herd protection induced a reduction in RV-related gastroenteritis (GE) incidence of 25%, 22% and 20%, respectively, for RV-GE of any severity, and of 19%, 15%, and 13%, respectively, for moderate-to-severe RV-GE, 5 years after implementation of a vaccination programme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)884-897
Number of pages14
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume138
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Herd protection
  • Mathematical model
  • Rotavirus
  • Vaccination

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A mathematical model of the indirect effects of rotavirus vaccination'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this