A survey of chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes of Chernobyl liquidators

A. V. Sevan'kaev, D. C. Lloyd*, H. Braselmann, Alan Edwards, V. V. Moiseenko, A. A. Zhloba

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chromosomal aberrations in lymphocytes of 875 Chernobyl liquidators have been scored and by comparison with control subjects the dicentric plus ring and excess acentric fragment frequencies are higher for persons who worked in the exclusion zone in 1986-1988 but not in 1989. Aberration yields are too low for individual biological dosimetry but, after taking account of the time interval between irradiation and blood sampling, the dicentric plus ring frequencies indicate average doses for 1986, 1987 and 1989 in good agreement with the annual averages in the Obninsk Registry. For 1988 the cytogenetic data indicate a significant higher average dose than the Registry. Liquidators who were not issued with a personal film badge tend to have higher aberration yields than those for whom badge data are recorded. This is particularly evident for those persons who worked in the first three months after the accident where physical dosimetry data are less complete or reliable. These persons probably experienced the highest exposures of all liquidators and the chromosomal data suggest an average value of about 300 mGy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Volume58
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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