Aircraft noise exposure and saliva cortisol in a pooled-analysis from seven European countries

Clémence Baudin, Marie Lefèvre, Jenny Selander, Wolfgang Babisch, Ennio Cadum, Marie Christine Carlier, Patricia Champelovier, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Danny Huithuijs, Jacques Lambert, Bernard Laumon, Göran Pershagen, Töres Theorell, Venetia Velonaki, Anna Hansell, Anne Sophie Evrard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The HYENA (HYpertension and Exposure to Noise near Airports) study, a well-known study on the health effects of aircraft noise, involved 4,861 participants from six European countries (except France). The DEBATS (Discussion on the health effects of aircraft noise) study, a study with a similar protocol, included 1,244 participants from France. Associations were found between aircraft noise and cortisol levels in each study separately, but they were not consistent between the two studies. The objective of the present study was to combine both datasets in order to improve statistical power. We investigated the associations between aircraft noise levels and cortisol levels in the morning and in the evening, and the relative variation per hour, adjusted for relevant confounders. Analyses were carried out on the 1,300 participants with complete information for cortisol samplings and for confounders. We found evidence for an increase in the evening cortisol level in women (exp(ß)=1.09, 95%CI: 1.01;1.18), and for flattening of the relative variation per hour also in women (exp(ß)= 0.90, 95%CI: 0.840.97), with a Lden 10-dB(A) increase. There were no significant associations in men. These findings provide some support for a psychological stress induced by aircraft noise exposure, resulting in disruption of hormonal rhythms.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 23rd International Congress on Acoustics
Subtitle of host publicationIntegrating 4th EAA Euroregio 2019
EditorsMartin Ochmann, Vorlander Michael, Janina Fels
PublisherInternational Commission for Acoustics (ICA)
Pages1539-1542
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9783939296157
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event23rd International Congress on Acoustics: Integrating 4th EAA Euroregio, ICA 2019 - Aachen, Germany
Duration: 9 Sep 201923 Sep 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Congress on Acoustics
Volume2019-September
ISSN (Print)2226-7808
ISSN (Electronic)2415-1599

Conference

Conference23rd International Congress on Acoustics: Integrating 4th EAA Euroregio, ICA 2019
Country/TerritoryGermany
CityAachen
Period9/09/1923/09/19

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Proceedings of the International Congress on Acoustics. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Aircraft noise exposure
  • Cortisol levels
  • Europe

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