An overview of cardiovascular disease burden in the United States

George A. Mensah, David Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

254 Citations (Scopus)


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and a major cause of disability worldwide. In the United States, CVD accounted for 34.4 percent of the 2.4 million deaths in 2003 and remain a major cause of health disparities and rising health care costs. In 2006, health care spending and lost productivity from CVD exceeded $400 billion. The aging population, obesity epidemic, underuse of prevention strategies, and suboptimal control of risk factors could exacerbate the future CVD burden. Increased adherence to clinical and community-level guidelines and renewed emphasis on policy, environmental, and lifestyle changes will be crucial for its effective prevention and control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-48
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Affairs
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes


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