Applying the HES framework

Roland W. Scholz, Claudia R. Binder, Daniel J. Lang, Timo Smieszek, Michael Stauffacher

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Chapter overview Environmental literacy and coping with complex environmental problems can be viewed as knowledge-and experience-based artwork. A major challenge of research on human-environment systems (HES) is to define the guiding question and system boundaries adequately, to reduce complexity by identifying the relevant actors and the relevant human and environmental system, gaining access to potentially conflicting drivers in and between human systems, and identifying with and coping feedback loops linked to decisions. This chapter shows by four exemplary cases how the HES framework can be utilized for this venture.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Literacy in Science and Society
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Knowledge to Decisions
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages46
ISBN (Electronic)9780511921520
ISBN (Print)9780521192712
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011


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