Case report: Leprosy osteoarticular alterations mimicking rheumatoid arthritis

Rachel Bertolani Do Espirito Santo, Rachel Bertolani Do Espirito Santo, Rachel A. Serafim, Rachel A. Serafim, Jurama Barros Gueiros Bitran, Simon Collin, Patricia Deps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deformities of bones of the face and extremities are markers of leprosy (Hansen's disease) which contribute to stigma associated with this disease. Among these deformities are articular alterations that can mimic rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this case, a 64-year-old man presented with a history of having been treated for lepromatous leprosy and erythema nodosum leprosum episodes, which evolved with joint alterations similar to those of RA. Most cases of leprosyrelated arthritis are associated with reactional episodes, of which a large number do not respond to conventional therapy for leprosy reactions. In cases of chronic arthritis not associated with leprosy reactions, although patients show considerable relief with anti-leprosy therapy, arthritis is not completely resolved. This emphasizes the need for early diagnosis and treatment of leprosy to prevent the development of osteoarticular alterations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1316-1318
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume102
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Case report: Leprosy osteoarticular alterations mimicking rheumatoid arthritis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this