Characterising acetabular component orientation with pelvic motion during total hip arthroplasty

Cameron J. Killen, Michael P. Murphy, Steven J. Ralles, Saeed Khayatzadeh, Nicholas Brown, Avinash G. Patwardhan, Robert M. Havey, Karen Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Suboptimal acetabular component position can result in impingement, dislocation, and accelerated wear. Intraoperative pelvic motion has led to surgeon error and acetabular cup malposition. This study characterises the relationship between pelvic rotation and postoperative acetabular cup orientation. Methods: A device was constructed to allow cadaveric pelvis rotation along three axes about an acetabular cup in fixed orientation. The acetabular cup was fixed in space at 40° of radiographic inclination and 15° of anteversion relative to the anterior pelvic plane to represent consistent surgeon intraoperative placement. Active marker clusters were fixed to surgical equipment while the cadaveric pelvis was cemented with passive reflective markers, both identified with the Optotrak Certus motion capture system. The reamed cadaveric pelvis was rotated along three axes from –45° to 45° of roll, –30° to 30° of tilt, and –35° to 35° of pitch. The change in component inclination and anteversion was recorded at each 5° interval. Using computed tomography 3D reconstruction, the experimental setup was duplicated computationally to assess against a greater range of pelvis and implant sizes. Results: Radiographic anteversion and inclination showed a non-linear relationship dependent on pelvic roll, tilt, and pitch. Radiographic anteversion changed –0.59°, 0.76° and 0.01° while radiographic inclination changed 0.23°, 0.18° and 1.00° for every 1° of pelvic roll, tilt and pitch, respectively. Computationally, anteversion changed –0.61°, 0.75° and 0.00° while inclination changed 0.22°, 0.19° and 1.00° for every 1° of pelvic roll, tilt and pitch, respectively. These results were independent of cup and pelvis size. Conclusions: Intraoperative pelvic motion can significantly affect final cup position, and this should be accounted for when placing acetabular components during total hip arthroplasty. Based on this study, intraoperative adjustment of the acetabular component position based on pelvis motion may be implemented to improve postoperative component position.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHIP International
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetabular component
  • anteversion
  • inclination; orientation
  • pelvic motion
  • total hip arthroplasty

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