Cross-sectional observational study of epidemiology of COVID-19 and clinical outcomes of hospitalised patients in North West London during March and April 2020

Guduru Gopal Rao, Alexander Allen, Padmasayee Papineni, Liyang Wang, Charlotte Anderson, Alastair McGregor, Ashley Whittington, Laurence John, Miriam Harris, Stephen Hiles, Thomas Nicholas, Katherine Adams, Ayesha Akbar, Paula Blomquist, Valerie Decraene, Bharatkumar Patel, Rohini Manuel, Yimmy Chow, Martin Kuper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective The aim of this paper is to describe evolution, epidemiology and clinical outcomes of COVID-19 in subjects tested at or admitted to hospitals in North West London. Design Observational cohort study. Setting London North West Healthcare NHS Trust (LNWH). Participants Patients tested and/or admitted for COVID-19 at LNWH during March and April 2020 Main outcome measures Descriptive and analytical epidemiology of demographic and clinical outcomes (intensive care unit (ICU) admission, mechanical ventilation and mortality) of those who tested positive for COVID-19. Results The outbreak began in the first week of March 2020 and reached a peak by the end of March and first week of April. In the study period, 6183 tests were performed in on 4981 people. Of the 2086 laboratory confirmed COVID-19 cases, 1901 were admitted to hospital. Older age group, men and those of black or Asian minority ethnic (BAME) group were predominantly affected (p<0.05). These groups also had more severe infection resulting in ICU admission and need for mechanical ventilation (p<0.05). However, in a multivariate analysis, only increasing age was independently associated with increased risk of death (p<0.05). Mortality rate was 26.9% in hospitalised patients. Conclusion The findings confirm that men, BAME and older population were most commonly and severely affected groups. Only older age was independently associated with mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere044384
JournalBMJ Open
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • epidemiology
  • public health

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