Detection of exotic mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae) at international airports in europe

Adolfo Ibáñez-Justicia*, Nathalie Smitz, Wietse Den Hartog, Bart van de Vossenberg, Katrien De Wolf, Isra Deblauwe, Wim Van Bortel, Frans Jacobs, Alexander Vaux, Jolyon Medlock, Arjan Stroo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Europe, the air-borne accidental introduction of exotic mosquito species (EMS) has been demonstrated using mosquito surveillance schemes at Schiphol International Airport (Amsterdam, The Netherlands). Based upon these findings and given the increasing volume of air transport movements per year, the establishment of EMS after introduction via aircraft is being considered a potential risk. Here we present the airport surveillance results performed by the Centre for Monitoring of Vectors of the Netherlands, by the Monitoring of Exotic Mosquitoes (MEMO) project in Belgium, and by the Public Health England project on invasive mosquito surveillance. The findings of our study demonstrate the aircraft mediated transport of EMS into Europe from a wide range of possible areas in the world. Results show accidental introductions of Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus, as well as exotic Anopheles and Mansonia specimens. The findings of Ae. albopictus at Schiphol airport are the first evidence of accidental introduction of the species using this pathway in Europe. Furthermore, our results stress the importance of the use of molecular tools to validate the morphology-based species identifications. We recommend monitoring of EMS at airports with special attention to locations with a high movement of cargo and passengers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3450
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments: We would like to thank the laboratory staff and technicians at the Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium (ITM), especially Jacobus De Witte, Anna Schneider, Adwine Vanslembrouck and Ingrid Verlé, at the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), at the Royal Museum for Central Africa (RMCA), and at the Centre for Monitoring of Vectors (CMV) of the National Reference Centre (NRC) of the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (NVWA). We would like to thank Dr. Fabio Castelo Branco Fontes Paes Njaime and Dr. Fabio Medeiros da Costa for the morphological validation of the Mansonia specimens. This work in Belgium is part of the MEMO project, funded by the Flemish, Walloon and Brussels governments and the Federal Public Service (FPS) Public Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment in the context of the National Environment and Health Action Plan (NEHAP) (Belgium). The Outbreak Research Team of the Institute of Tropical Medicine is funded by the Department of Economy, Science and Innovation of the Flemish government. The Barcoding Facility for Organisms and Tissues of Policy Concern (BopCo) is part of the Belgian federal contribution of the Belgian Science Policy Office (Belspo) to the European Research Infrastructure Consortium LifeWatch. This article is based upon work from COST Action Aedes Invasive Mosquitoes, supported by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) www.cost.eu.

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the laboratory staff and technicians at the Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium (ITM), especially Jacobus De Witte, Anna Schneider, Adwine Vanslembrouck and Ingrid Verl?, at the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), at the Royal Museum for Central Africa (RMCA), and at the Centre for Monitoring of Vectors (CMV) of the National Reference Centre (NRC) of the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (NVWA). We would like to thank Dr. Fabio Castelo Branco Fontes Paes Njaime and Dr. Fabio Medeiros da Costa for the morphological validation of the Mansonia specimens. This work in Belgium is part of the MEMO project, funded by the Flemish, Walloon and Brussels governments and the Federal Public Service (FPS) Public Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment in the context of the National Environment and Health Action Plan (NEHAP) (Belgium). The Outbreak Research Team of the Institute of Tropical Medicine is funded by the Department of Economy, Science and Innovation of the Flemish government. The Barcoding Facility for Organisms and Tissues of Policy Concern (BopCo) is part of the Belgian federal contribution of the Belgian Science Policy Office (Belspo) to the European Research Infrastructure Consortium LifeWatch. This article is based upon work from COST Action Aedes Invasive Mosquitoes, supported by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) www.cost.eu.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • DNA barcoding
  • Disease vector
  • Exotic mosquitoes
  • Globalization
  • Monitoring
  • Public health
  • Real-time PCR
  • Species identification
  • Temperate areas
  • Vector surveillance

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