Different patterns of neuropathological disease in rhesus monkeys infected by simian immunodeficiency virus, and their relation to the humoral immune response

A. F. Dean, M. Montgomery, A. Baskerville, R. W. Cook, M. P. Cranage, Sally Sharpe, Michael Dennis, P. J. Luthert, S. ‐T Hou, P. L. Lantos

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The brains of 21 rhesus monkeys inoculated with SIVMAC51 were examined after intervals ranging from 3 to 27 months and compared with five uninoculated controls. Eighteen animals became infected and individually exhibited several distinct patterns of disease. Nine (50%) had largely intramural leptomeningeal venous infiltrates (LMVI) without multinucleate giant cells (MGC) or foamy macrophages. Three (17%) had only MGC lesions, involving the cerebral parenchyma. One had both patterns and five (33%) neither. The controls had sparse and tiny LMVI only, similar to three inoculated animals that did not become infected. Immunohistochemistry showed the predominance of T and B lymphocytes in LMVI and choroid plexus mononuclear lesions but a predominance of macrophages over lymphocytes in the MGC lesions. Specific disease patterns differed in their association with the humoral immune response. Animals with LMVI were all hypergammaglobulinaemic when killed compared to pre‐inoculation levels, and the size of the change in serum immunoglobulin concentration was positively correlated with a quantitative index of LMVI density. Furthermore, their post‐mortem lymph node histology was hyperplastic. In contrast, animals found at autopsy to have MGC brain lesions were hypogammaglobulinaemic compared to pre‐inoculation. The results are consistent with two phases in SIV‐associated disease: one characterized by LMVI and hypergammaglobulinaemia and another featuring MGC and hypogammaglobulinaemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-345
Number of pages10
JournalNeuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1993

Keywords

  • central nervous system
  • encephalitis
  • immunoglobulins
  • Macaca mulatta
  • SIV
  • vasculitis

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