Do hospital pressures change following rotavirus vaccine introduction? a retrospective database analysis in a large paediatric hospital in the UK

Ellen Heinsbroek, Daniel Hungerford, Richard P.D. Cooke, Margaret Chowdhury, James S. Cargill, Naor Bar-Zeev, Neil French, Eleni Theodorou, Baudouin Standaert, Nigel A. Cunliffe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Hospitals in the UK are under increasing clinical and financial pressures. Following introduction of childhood rotavirus vaccination in the UK in 2013, rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) hospitalisations reduced significantly. We evaluated changes in â € hospital pressures' (demand on healthcare resources and staff) following rotavirus vaccine introduction in a paediatric setting in the UK. Design Retrospective hospital database analysis between July 2007 and June 2015. Setting A large paediatric hospital providing primary, secondary and tertiary care in Merseyside, UK. Participants Hospital admissions aged <15 years. Outcomes were calculated for four different patient groups identified through diagnosis coding (International Classification of Disease, 10th edition) and/or laboratory confirmation: all admissions; any infection, acute gastroenteritis and RVGE. Methods Hospital pressures were compared before and after rotavirus vaccine introduction: these included bed occupancy, hospital-acquired infection rate, unplanned readmission rate and outlier rate (medical patients admitted to surgical wards due to lack of medical beds). Interrupted time-series analysis was used to evaluate changes in bed occupancy. Results There were 116 871 admissions during the study period. Lower bed occupancy in the rotavirus season in the postvaccination period was observed for RVGE (-89%, 95% CI 73% to 95%), acute gastroenteritis (-63%, 95% CI 39% to 78%) and any infection (-23%, 95% CI 15% to 31%). No significant overall reduction in bed occupancy was observed (-4%, 95% CI -1% to 9%). No changes were observed for the other outcomes. Conclusions Rotavirus vaccine introduction was not associated with reduced hospital pressures. A reduction in RVGE hospitalisation without change in overall bed occupancy suggests that beds available were used for a different patient population, possibly reflecting a previously unmet need.

Original languageEnglish
Article number027739
JournalBMJ Open
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
NAC, NF and DH are in receipt of research grant support from the GSK group of companies for the conduct of the present study. NAC has received honoraria for participation in GSK Rotavirus Vaccine Advisory Board Meetings from the GSK group of companies and from Watermark Research Partners for participation in independent data monitoring committee of GSK-sponsored clinical trials of Rotavirus vaccine. The institution of NAC and NF received grant from the GSK group of companies for the conduct of other analysis, not related to the present work. DH received grants from the GSK group of companies and Sanofi Pasteur, and Merck & Co (Kenilworth, New Jersey, USA) outside the submitted work. NB-Z reports grants from the GSK group of companies and from Takeda Pharmaceuticals outside the submitted work. BS and ET are employees of the GSK group of companies. EH, RC, MC and JC have nothing to disclose.

Publisher Copyright:
© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2018. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Hospital
  • Nosocomial infections
  • Quality in health care
  • Rotavirus

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