Do we know how scabies outbreaks in residential and nursing care homes for the elderly should be managed? A systematic review of interventions using a novel approach to assess evidence quality

E. J. Morrison*, J. Middleton, S. Lanza, J. E. Cowen, K. Hewitt, S. L. Walker, M. Nicholls, J. Rajan-Iyer, J. Fletcher, Jackie Cassell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Currently no national guidelines exist for the management of scabies outbreaks in residential or nursing care homes for the elderly in the United Kingdom. In this setting, diagnosis and treatment of scabies outbreaks is often delayed and optimal drug treatment, environmental control measures and even outcome measures are unclear. We undertook a systematic review to establish the efficacy of outbreak management interventions and determine evidence-based recommendations. Four electronic databases were searched for relevant studies, which were assessed using a quality assessment tool drawing on STROBE guidelines to describe the quality of observational data. Nineteen outbreak reports were identified, describing both drug treatment and environmental management measures. The quality of data was poor; none reported all outcome measures and only four described symptom relief measures. We were unable to make definitive evidence-based recommendations. We draw on the results to propose a framework for data collection in future observational studies of scabies outbreaks. While high-quality randomised controlled trials are needed to determine optimal drug treatment, evidence on environmental measures will need augmentation through other literature studies. The quality assessment tool designed is a useful resource for reporting of outcome measures including patient-reported measures in future outbreaks.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere250
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume147
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.

Keywords

  • Elderly medicine
  • Infectious disease control
  • Outbreaks
  • Residential care
  • Scabies

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Do we know how scabies outbreaks in residential and nursing care homes for the elderly should be managed? A systematic review of interventions using a novel approach to assess evidence quality'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this