Dosimetry of radioiodine for embryo and fetus

V. Berkovski, K. F. Eckerman, Alan Phipps, D. Noßke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper discusses the biokinetic and dosimetric models adopted in ICRP Publication 88 for the evaluation of fetal doses resulting from maternal intakes of radioiodine. The biokinetic model is used to simulate the behaviour of iodine in both the mother and the fetus. Such simulations provide the basis for the estimation of the dose to the embryo and determine the distribution of maternal iodine at the beginning of the fetal period. The model considers iodine to accumulate in the fetal thyroid from the 11th week. The dose to the fetus delivered following birth is evaluated with the biokinetic and dosimetric models described in ICRP Publication 67. Although a substantial fraction of the emitted energy of electrons and photons is less than 10 keV, conventionally assumed to be non-penetrating radiation, these emissions can escape the small fetal thyroid. Absorbed fractions for both self-dose and crossfire were evaluated for the requirements of radioiodine dosimetry in ICRP Publication 88.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-268
Number of pages4
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Volume105
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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