Factors affecting access to daily oral and dental care among adults with intellectual disabilities

Darren Chadwick, Melanie Chapman, Gillian Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Accessing oral health care can be more difficult for adults with intellectual disabilities with reports of poorer levels of oral health. This investigation identifies factors influencing engagement in day-to-day oral and dental health care for adults with intellectual disabilities. Method: A survey, containing questions about facilitators and barriers to maintaining oral health and hygiene, was completed with adults with intellectual disabilities and their caregivers (N = 372). Results: Data were analysed using thematic network analysis. Two global themes were identified; “Personal and lifestyle influences,” mentioned more often as barriers to oral care, included physical, sensory, cognitive, behavioural and affective factors and “social and environmental factors,” mentioned more as facilitators, included caregiver support, equipment and adaptations used and oral hygiene routine. Conclusions: Numerous individual, social and environmental factors influence oral care. A coordinated organisational response is advocated involving collaboration between dental and intellectual disability services and training for caregivers and people with intellectual disabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-394
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • dental health
  • individualized support
  • intellectual disability
  • oral care
  • qualitative
  • training

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