Human health risks from toxic cyanobacteria, dinoflagellates and diatoms

Gordon Nichols*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


There are a diverse range of freshwater and seawater microorganisms that produce potent toxins capable of causing both acute and chronic disease in mammals, including man. With many of these toxic algae, dinoflagellates and diatoms, exposure is commonly to a mixture of species, each of which can produce a variety of toxins. As a consequence, the combination of symptoms can be different between incidents.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Medicine
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781444128444
ISBN (Print)9780340946565
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


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