ICTV virus taxonomy profile: Nairoviridae

Aura R. Garrison, Sergey V. Alkhovsky, Tatjana Avšič-Županc, Dennis A. Bente, Éric Bergeron, Felicity Burt, Nicholas Di Paola, Koray Ergünay, Roger Hewson, Jens H. Kuhn, Ali Mirazimi, Anna Papa, Amadou Alpha Sall, Jessica R. Spengler, Gustavo Palacios

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Members of the family Nairoviridae produce enveloped virions with three single-stranded RNA segments comprising 17.1 to 22.8 kb in total. These viruses are maintained in arthropods and transmitted by ticks to mammals or birds. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus is tick-borne and is endemic in most of Asia, Africa, Southern and Eastern Europe whereas Nairobi sheep disease virus, which is also tick-borne, causes lethal haemorrhagic gastroenteritis in small ruminants in Africa and India. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Nairoviridae, which is available at ictv.global/report/nairoviridae.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)798-799
    Number of pages2
    JournalJournal of General Virology
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2020


    • Bunyavirales
    • Bunyavirus
    • ICTV Report
    • Nairoviridae
    • Nairovirus
    • Orthonairovirus
    • Shaspivirus
    • Striwavirus
    • Taxonomy


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