The in vitro activity of Syn-2869 was compared with that of amphotericin B and itraconazole. MICs for 100 isolates of pathogenic molds belonging to 12 species were determined by a broth microdilution adaptation of the method recommended by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. Syn- 2869 and itraconazole showed comparable, good activity against the dematiaceous molds Cladophialophora bantiana, Cladophialophora carrionii, Exophiala dermatitidis, Fonsecaea pedrosoi, Phialophora parasitica, and Ramichloridium mackenziei. Neither of the azole agents was active against the hyaline molds Fusarium solani, Scedosporium prolificans, and Scopulariopsis brevicaulis, but both were more active than amphotericin B against Scedosporium apiospermum. The MICs of the three agents were comparable for the mucoraceous mold Absidia corymbifera, but Syn-2869 appeared to be the least active against the dimorphic mold Sporothrix schenckii. Our results suggest that Syn-2869 could be effective against a range of mold infections in humans.