Influence of commissioned provider type and deprivation score on uptake of the childhood flu immunization

Hannah Christensen, Rosy Reynolds, Rachel Kwiatkowska*, Ellen Brooks-Pollock, Matthew Dominey, Adam Finn, Ardiana Gjini, Matthew Hickman, Marion Roderick, Julie Yates

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


A B S T R A C T Background Since 2015/16 the UK seasonal influenza immunization programme has included children aged 5 and 6 years. In the South West of England school-based providers, GPs or community pharmacies were commissioned to deliver the vaccine depending on the locality. We aimed to assess variation in vaccine uptake in relation to the type of commissioned provider, and levels of socioeconomic deprivation. Methods Data from the South West of England (2015–16 season) were analysed using multilevel logistic regression to assess variation in vaccine uptake by type of commissioned provider, allowing for clustering of children within delivery sites. Results Overall uptake in 5 and 6 year olds was 34.3% (37 555/109 404). Vaccine uptake was highest when commissioned through school-based programmes 50.2% (9983/19 867) and lowest when commissioned through pharmacies, 23.1% (4269/18 479). Delivery through schools resulted in less variation by site and equal uptake across age groups, in contrast to GP and pharmacy delivery for which uptake was lower among 6 year olds. Vaccine uptake decreased with increasing levels of deprivation across all types of commissioned provider. Conclusion School-based programmes achieve the highest and most consistent rates of childhood influenza vaccination. Interventions are still needed to promote more equitable uptake of the childhood influenza vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)618-624
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Public Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Crown copyright 2019.


  • Child
  • Immunization
  • Influenza
  • Socioeconomic factors


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