Generalizations of the two-mutation carcinogenesis model of Moolgavkar, Venzon and Knudson (MVK) are fitted to England and Wales lymphocytic leukaemia incidence data covering the period 1971-1988. Both acute lymphocytic leukaemia (ALL) and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) can be fitted by a model with two mutations. These two-mutation models are such that the first (but not the second) mutation rate and the susceptible stem cell population vary rapidly with age. CLL is also adequately fitted by a model with three mutations, and the mutation rates and the variation in the stem cell population numbers implied by the three-mutation model are more plausible than those of the two-mutation model. For CLL there are no significant differences between the sexes in either of the optimal models fitted, but this is not the case for ALL. Thus the original MVK model adequately describes population rates of lymphocytic leukaemia in England and Wales.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Statistics in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|