Mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1(HTLV-1) contributes disproportionately to the burden of HTLV-1 associated diseases. All preventive measures to avoid MTCT rely on the identification of infected mothers. However, the impact of pregnancy on HTLV-1 diagnosis has not been clearly assessed. Paired samples from 21 HTLV-1 infected women taken during pregnancy and while not pregnant were analysed by CMIA and PCR. The signal-to-cut-off values (S/CO) were higher during pregnancy than in the paired non-pregnant samples. HTLV-1 proviral load did not alter significantly by pregnant state. S/CO positively correlated with HTLV proviral load. Pregnancy does not impair the diagnosis of HTLV-1/2, by either immunological (CMIA) or molecular (qPCR/nPCR) tests.
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© 2019 Rosadas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.