Vaccines against bioterrorism agents offer the prospect of providing high levels of protection against airborne pathogens. However, the diversity of the bioterrorism threat means that it may be necessary to use several vaccines simultaneously. In this study we have investigated whether there are changes to the protective immune response to a recombinant sub-unit plague vaccine when it is co-administered with other sub-unit or live attenuated vaccines. Our results indicate that the co-administration of these vaccines did not influence the protection afforded by the plague vaccine. However, the co-administration of the plague sub-unit vaccine with a live vaccine resulted in markedly increased levels of IgG2a subclass antibodies, and markedly reduced levels of IgG1 subclass antibodies, to the plague sub-unit vaccine. This finding might have implications when considering the co-administration of other vaccine combinations.