Neisseria meningitidis, grown in iron-limited conditions, produces two transferrin-binding proteins (TbpA and TbpB) that independently and specifically bind human serum transferrin (hTF) but not bovine serum transferrin (bTF). We have used surface plasmon resonance to characterize the interaction between individual TbpA and TbpB and a series of full-length human-bovine chimaeric transferrins (hbTFs) under conditions of variable saturation with iron. A comparative analysis of hTF and hbTF chimaera-binding data confirmed that the major features involved in Tbp binding are located in the C-terminal lobe of hTF and that isolated TbpA can recognize distinct sites present in, or conformationally influenced by, residues 598-679. Binding by TbpB was maintained at a significant but decreased level after replacement of the entire hTF C-terminal lobe by the equivalent bovine sequence. The extent of this binding difference was dependent on the meningococcal strain and on the presence of hTF residues 255-350. This indicated that TbpB from strain SD has a secondary, strain-specific, binding site located within this region, whereas TbpB from strain B16B6 does not share this recognition site. Binding of TbpA was influenced primarily by sequence substitutions in the hTF C-terminal lobe, and copurified TbpA and TbpB (TbpA + B) was functionally distinct from either of its components. The limited divergence between hTF and bTF has been related to observed differences in binding by Tbps and has been used to delineate those regions of hTF that are important for such interactions.
- Neisseria meningitidis
- Surface plasmon resonance