The purpose of this study was to quantify the poorly understood radiation doses to murine bone marrow and blood from whole-body fluorine 18 (18F)-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET), by using specific biomarkers and comparing with whole body external low dose exposures. Groups of 3-5 mice were randomly assigned to 10 groups, each receiving either a different activity of 18F-FDG: 0-37MBq or whole body irradiated with corresponding doses of 0-300mGy X-rays. Blood samples were collected at 24h and at 43h for reticulocyte micronucleus assays and QPCR analysis of gene expression in peripheral blood leukocytes. Blood and bone marrow dose estimates were calculated from injected activities of 18F-FDG and were based on a recommended ICRP model. Doses to the bone marrow corresponding to 33.43mGy and above for internal 18F-FDG exposure and to 25mGy and above for external X-ray exposure, showed significant increases in radiation-induced MN-RET formation relative to controls (P<0.05). Regression analysis showed that both types of exposure produced a linear response with linear regression analysis giving R2 of 0.992 and 0.999 for respectively internal and external exposure. No significant difference between the two data sets was found with a P-value of 0.493. In vivo gene expression dose-responses at 24h for Bbc3 and Cdkn1 were similar for 18F-FDG and X-ray exposures, with significant modifications occurring for doses over 300mGy for Bbc3 and at the lower dose of 150mGy for Cdkn1a. Both leucocyte gene expression and quantification of MN-RET are highly sensitive biomarkers for reliable estimation of the low doses delivered in vivo to, respectively, blood and bone marrow, following 18F-FDG PET.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2014|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial support was provided by the National Institute for Health Research Centre for Research in Public Health Protection of Public Health England ( 101935 ).
© 2014 Elsevier B.V.
- DNA damage
- F-FDG/positron emission tomography
- Gene expression