Quantities for assessing high doses to the body: A short review of the current status

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tissue reactions are the most clinically significant consequences of high-dose exposures to ionizing radiation. However, there is currently no universally recognized or recommended dose quantity that can be used to assess generalized risks to individuals following whole body exposures in the high-dose range. This is particularly problematic in emergency response situations, for example, following external exposures of large numbers of individuals: in attempts to relate the triage dosemeter absorbed dose to the risk to the individual, such that a 'dose' may subsequently be reported to medical professionals, it is necessary to first agree on the quantity to be reported. The current paper presents a brief review of the likely scenarios and emergency dosimetry techniques that require such a quantity, before examining the biological constraints and requirements that might underpin any future definition. The aim of this work is to outline the arguments for developing a commonly agreed dose quantity for reporting high-dose radiation exposures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-742
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Radiological Protection
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • dose quantities
  • emergency dosimetry
  • retrospective dosimetry
  • tissue reactions

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