Radiation biomarkers in large scale human health effects studies

Jayne Moquet*, Kai Rothkamm, Stephen Barnard, Elizabeth Ainsbury

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Following recent developments, the RENEB network (Running the European Network of biological dosimetry and physical retrospective dosimetry) is in an excellent position to carry out large scale molecular epidemiological studies of ionizing radiation effects, with validated expertise in the dicentric, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)-translocation, micronucleus, premature chromosome condensation, gamma-H2AX foci and gene expression assays. Large scale human health effects studies present complex challenges such as the practical aspects of sample logistics, assay costs, effort, effect modifiers and quality control/assurance measures. At Public Health England, the dicentric, automated micronucleus and gamma-H2AX radiation-induced foci assays have been tested for use in a large health effects study. The results of the study and the experience gained in carrying out such a large scale investigation provide valuable information that could help minimise random and systematic errors in biomarker data sets for health surveillance analyses going forward.

Original languageEnglish
Article number155
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research received funding from NIHR_CHPR (National Institute for Health Research_The Centre for Health Protection Research); project number 108299.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Dicentric assay
  • Gamma H2AX foci assay
  • Health surveillance analyses
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Micronucleus assay

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