Risk factors for gambling and problem gambling: A protocol for a rapid umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses

Caryl Beynon, Nicola Pearce-Smith, Rachel Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gambling and problem gambling are increasingly being viewed as a public health issue. European surveys have reported a high prevalence of gambling, and according to the Gambling Commission, in 2018, almost half of the general population aged 16 and over in England had participated in gambling in the 4 weeks prior to being surveyed. The potential harms associated with gambling and problem are broad, including harms to individuals, their friends and family, and society. There is a need to better understand the nature of this issue, including its risk factors. The purpose of this study is to identify and examine the risk factors associated with gambling and problem gambling. Methods: An umbrella review will be conducted, where systematic approaches will be used to identify, appraise and synthesise systematic reviews and meta-analyses of risk factors for gambling and problem gambling. The review will include systematic reviews and meta-analyses published between 2005 and 2019, in English language, focused on any population and any risk factor, and of quantitative or qualitative studies. Electronic searches will be conducted in Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, Ovid PsycInfo, NICE Evidence and SocIndex via EBSCO, and a range of websites will be searched for grey literature. Reference lists will be scanned for additional papers and experts will be contacted. Screening, quality assessment and data extraction will be conducted in duplicate, and quality assessment will be conducted using AMSTAR-2. A narrative synthesis will be used to summarise the results. Discussion: The results of this review will provide a comprehensive and up-to-date understanding of the risk factors associated with gambling and problem gambling. It will be used by Public Health England as part of a broader evidence review of gambling-related harms. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42019151520

Original languageEnglish
Article number198
JournalSystematic Reviews
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Gambling
  • Problem gambling
  • Public health
  • Risk factors
  • Systematic review
  • Umbrella review

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