Scoring rings in the cell fusion-induced premature chromosome condensation (PCC) assay for high dose radiation exposure estimation after gamma-ray exposure

Mingzhu Sun*, Jayne Moquet, Stephen Barnard, David Lloyd, Elizabeth Ainsbury

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to construct a calibration curve for high-dose exposure using cell fusion-induced premature chromosome condensation (PCC). Some of the associated practicalities and methodological details were also investigated. Materials and methods: Peripheral blood from two donors was used. PCC mediated by fusing mitotic CHO cells with interphase lymphocytes was carried out. Lymphocytes were irradiated with 60Co (0–20 Gy) and held at 37 °C for 24 h post exposure. Results: The protocol for PCC induction was effective at all doses and the number of rings increased with increasing dose. No significant difference was found between the donors (p =.896) and data were pooled. Ring aberration frequencies followed a Poisson distribution and the dose-response relationship favored a linear fitting: Y = 0.0007(±0.0004)+0.0186(±0.001)×D. Blind tests showed that the estimated doses were all within the 95% confidence limits of the delivered doses. This study has shown that it is valid to score only 100 cells per sample in a triage mode for doses above 5 Gy and that it is valid to score only hollow rings to reduce the scoring time. Conclusion: Scoring rings in cell fusion-induced PCC assay can be a feasible and fast approach for the analysis of high-dose exposures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1259-1267
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Volume95
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work was partly supported by the National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit (NIHR HPRU) in Chemical & Radiation Threats & Hazards at Newcastle University in partnership with Public Health England (PHE). The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NIHR, the Department of Health or PHE.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Copyright © 2019 Public Health England. Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Copyright:
Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Premature chromosome condensation (PCC)
  • biodosimetry
  • dose-response curve
  • high-dose exposure
  • ring aberration

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