In vitro dose-response curves, for unstable chromosome aberration induction in human lymphocytes under conditions of full oxygenation or of anoxia, have been obtained using 250 kVp X-rays. Dicentric yields have been fitted to the quadratic function Y = αD + βD2. An Oxygen Enhancement Ratio (OER) ranging from 7.2 to 2.7 was calculated from the coefficients of these curves possibly indicating that the data do not fit to the dose-modifying model of the oxygen effect although the differences are not statistically significant. A similar analysis of total aberration data yields an OER of 3.6 to 2.7 fitting much more satisfactorily to the dose-modifying model. Variations in dicentric yield induced by 3.0 Gy and 0.75 Gy of X-rays with increasing oxygen concentration were plotted and for each dose a constant dicentric yield was observed at oxygen levels of 2 and 250 ppm. Above 250 ppm yields increased steeply up to about 1% oxygen and then more gradually to a maximum at 100% oxygen.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1979|