The N-acylneuraminate cytidyltransferase gene, neuA, is heterogenous in Legionella pneumophila strains but can be used as a marker for epidemiological typing in the consensus sequence-based typing scheme

Claudia Farhat, Massimo Mentasti, Enno Jacobs, Norman Fry, Christian Lück*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sequence-based typing (SBT) is the internationally recognized standard method for genotyping Legionella pneumophila. To date all strains of serogroup 1 (SG1) and some of SGs 2 to 14 yield a seven-allele profile and can be assigned a sequence type (ST). However, for some strains belonging to SGs 2 to 14, the targeted region of the neuA gene could not be amplified using the published standard primers. We determined the DNA sequence of a neuA gene homolog located in the lipopolysaccharide synthesis locus of strain Dallas-1E. By using newly designed degenerate consensus primers based on the neuA homolog in strains Dallas-1E, Philadelphia-1, Paris, Lens, and Corby, we were able to obtain DNA sequences for all 48 non-SG1 strains which were untypeable by the standard method. Our data show that the neuA gene is present in all L. pneumophila strains but differs significantly in some non-SG1 strains at both the DNA and amino acid levels. The new primers can be used to amplify and sequence the neuA gene in all strains and can substitute for the standard primers. This offers the possibility of assigning an ST to all strains of L. pneumophila.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4052-4058
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

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