Tetanus and botulinum neurotoxins act inside nerve terminals and, therefore, they have to translocate across a membrane to reach their targets. This translocation is driven by a pH gradient, acidic on the cis side and neutral on the cytosol. Recently, a protocol to induce translocation from the plasma membrane was established. Here, we have used this approach to study the temperature dependence and time course of the entry of the L chain of tetanus neurotoxin and of botulinum neurotoxins type C and D across the plasma membrane of cerebellar granular neurons. The time course of translocation of the L chain varies for the three neurotoxins, but it remains in the range of minutes at 37°C, whilst it takes much longer at 20°C. BoNT/C does not enter neurons at 20°C. Translocation also depends on the dimension of the pH gradient. These data are discussed with respect to the contribution of the membrane translocation step to the total time to paralysis and to the low toxicity of these neurotoxins in cold-blood vertebrates.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Jan 2013|
- Botulinum neurotoxin
- Tetanus neurotoxin
- Time course