Triage, monitoring and dose assessment for people exposed to ionising radiation following a malevolent act

George Etherington*, Kai Rothkamm, A. L. Shutt, M. J. Youngman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The part played by individual monitoring within the context of the overall response to incidents involving the malevolent use of radiation or radioactive material is discussed. The main objectives of an individual monitoring programme are outlined, and types of malevolent use scenario briefly described. Some major challenges facing those with responsibilities for planning the monitoring response to such an incident are identified and discussed. These include the need for rapid selection and prioritisation of people for individual monitoring by means of an effective triage system; the need for rapid initiation of individual monitoring; problems associated with monitoring large numbers of people; the particular difficulties associated with incidents involving pure-beta and alpha-emitting radionuclides; the need for techniques that can provide retrospective estimates of external radiation exposures rapidly and the need for rapid interpretation of contamination monitoring data. The paper concludes with a brief review of assistance networks and relevant international projects planned or currently underway.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberncq420
Pages (from-to)534-539
Number of pages6
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Volume144
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was part-funded by the European Commission under contract FI6R-036497.

Copyright:
Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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