Tuberculosis among the homeless at a temporary shelter in London: Report of a chest x ray screening programme

D. Kumar*, K. M. Citron, J. Leese, John Watson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study objective - To estimate the prevalence of active pulmonary tuberculosis in a homeless population in London and to assess whether those with suspected disease could be integrated into the existing health care system for further follow up and treatment. Design - Voluntary screening programme based on a questionnaire survey and chest x ray. Setting andcases - Screening programmes were set up over the Christmas period in 1992 and 1993 at a shelter for the homeless in London. An offer of screening was made to all individuals who visited the centre and an interviewer administered questionnaire was completed on those who volunteered for the screening. Chest x rays were carried out, developed, and read on site. Individuals with chest x ray features suggestive of tuberculosis or other medical problems were referred to a hospital of their choice. Results and outcome - In 1992 nearly 1600 people visited the centre, of whom 372 volunteered for the screening and 342 were x rayed. Nineteen of the 342 (5-6%) had radiological features suggestive of active tuberculosis. In 1993 around 2000 homeless people visited the centre, of whom 270 volunteered for the screening and 253 were x rayed. Eleven (4-3%) had features consistent with active tuberculosis on the basis of the chest x rays and clinical examination by a chest physician. Overall, of595 people x rayed in the two surveys, 30 (5%) had changes suggestive of active tuberculosis. Further investigations confirmed nine (1-5%) with active pulmonary disease and eight with no active tuberculosis. In 13, the diagnosis was not determined as four declined further investigation and nine did not attend their hospital appointment. Conclusions - Tuberculosis among the homeless remains a cause for concern. Follow up and treatment present unique difficulties. Services for the homeless need to include mechanisms for timely diagnosis and monitored treatment. Control programmes designed for the needs of the homeless are required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-633
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Bibliographical note

Copyright:
Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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