Tuberculosis and HIV co-infection in European Union and European Economic Area countries

L. Pimpin, L. N. Drumright, Michelle Kruijshaar, I. Abubakar, Brian Rice, Valerie Delpech, V. Hollo, A. Amato-Gauci, D. Manissero, C. Ködmön*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to ensure the availability of resources for tuberculosis (TB) and HIV management and control, it is imperative that countries monitor and plan for co-infection in order to identify, treat and prevent TB-HIV co-infection, thereby reducing TB burden and increasing the years of healthy life of people living with HIV. A systematic review was undertaken to determine the burden of TB-HIV infection in the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA). Data on the burden of HIV infection in TB patients and risk factors for TB-HIV co-infection in the EU/EEA were extracted from studies that collected information in 1996 and later, regardless of the year of initiation of data collection, and a narrative synthesis presented. The proportion of HIV-co-infected TB patients varied from 0 to 15%. Western and eastern countries had higher levels and increasing trends of infection over time compared with central EU/EEA countries. Groups at higher risk of TB-HIV co-infection were males, young adults, foreignborn persons, the homeless, injecting drug users and prisoners. Further research is needed into the burden and associated risk factors of co-infection in Europe, to help plan effective control measures. Increased HIV testing of TB patients and targeted and informed strategies for control and prevention could help curb the co-infection epidemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1382-1392
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Co-infection
  • Europe
  • HIV
  • Risk factors
  • Surveillance
  • Tuberculosis

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