Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that produces pulmonary damage. Radiological imaging is the preferred technique for the assessment of TB longitudinal course. Computer-assisted identification of biomarkers eases the work of the radiologist by providing a quantitative assessment of disease. Lung segmentation is the step before biomarker extraction. In this study, we present an automatic procedure that enables robust segmentation of damaged lungs that have lesions attached to the parenchyma and are affected by respiratory movement artifacts in a Mycobacterium Tuberculosis infection model. Its main steps are the extraction of the healthy lung tissue and the airway tree followed by elimination of the fuzzy boundaries. Its performance was compared with respect to a segmentation obtained using: (1) a semi-automatic tool and (2) an approach based on fuzzy connectedness. A consensus segmentation resulting from the majority voting of three experts' annotations was considered our ground truth. The proposed approach improves the overlap indicators (Dice similarity coefficient, 94% ± 4%) and the surface similarity coefficients (Hausdorff distance, 8.64 mm ± 7.36 mm) in the majority of the most difficult-to-segment slices. Results indicate that the refined lung segmentations generated could facilitate the extraction of meaningful quantitative data on disease burden.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Estibaliz Gomez de Mariscal, Paula Martin Gonzalez and Mario Gonzalez Arjona for helping with the manual lung annotation. The research leading to these results received funding from the Innovative Medicines Initiative (www.imi.europa.eu) Joint Undertaking under grant agreement no. 115337, whose resources comprise funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) and EFPIA companies’ in kind contribution. This work was partially funded by projects TEC2013-48552-C2-1-R, RTC-2015-3772-1, TEC2015-73064-EXP and TEC2016-78052-R from the Spanish Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad, TOPUS S2013/MIT-3024 project from the regional government of Madrid and by the Department of Health, UK.
This work was partially funded by projects TEC2013-48552-C2-1-R, RTC-2015-3772-1, TEC2015-73064-EXP and TEC2016-78052-R from the Spanish Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad, TOPUS S2013/MIT-3024 project from the regional government of Madrid and by the Department of Health, UK.
© 2018 The Author(s).