Using implementation science for health adaptation: Opportunities for pacific island countries

Christopher J. Boyer, Kathryn Bowen, Virginia Murray, Johnny Hadley, Jimmy Jaghoro Hilly, Jeremy J. Hess, Kristie L. Ebi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The health risks of a changing climate are immediate and multifaceted. Policies, plans, and programs to reduce climate-related health impacts exist, but multiple barriers hinder the uptake of these strategies, and information remains limited on the factors affecting implementation. Implementation science—a discipline focused on systematically examining the gap between knowledge and action—can address questions related to implementation and help the health sector scale up successful adaptation measures in response to climate change. Implementation science, in the context of a changing climate, can guide decision makers in introducing and prioritizing potential health adaptation and disaster risk management solutions, advancing sustainability initiatives, and evaluating and improving intervention strategies. In this article we highlight examples from Pacific Island countries and outline approaches based on implementation science to enhance the capacity of health systems to anticipate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from climate-related exposures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2160-2167
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Affairs
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


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